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04 juin 2008

Key Dates


histoire

IIIrd century, the Île de la Cité is a military fortress surround by a wall.

VIth century, Clovis chooses the Île de la Cité as capital. This is where he died.

987, arrival of Hugh Capet. Council of the palace.

1108-1137, reign of Louis VI the Fat. Construction of the Grosse Tour.

1180-1223, reign of Philip-Augustus. He generally lives in the palace.

1242, reign of Louis IX (Saint Louis), start of the construction of the Sainte-Chapelle to house the Crown of Thorns: the sacred relics.

1296-1313, Philip IV, the Fair. Transformation and extension of the Gothic palace.

Around 1370, installation by Charles V of Paris's first public clock.

1437, King Charles VII merges the parliaments of Poitiers and Paris into one.

Around 1454, the altarpiece of the Parlement is painted. It's author is unknown.

1537, Francis I presides a Bed of Justice to convict Charles V of felony.

January 7, 1589, the first President of the Parlement is arrested and replaced.

1594, merger of the Parlement of Blois and of the Parlement of Paris by Henry IV.

August 26, 1648, "the day of the Barricades", further to the arrest of the members of the Parlement.

1665, young King Louis XIV holds a Bed of Justice and strictly forbids the Parlement to stray from its judiciary role.

September 2, 1715, the Parlement declares Philippe d'Orléans regent.

Between April 1793 and July 1794, the Revolutionary Tribunal has 2,625 persons guillotined.

October 14, 1793, Marie-Antoinette appears before the Tribunal.

October 16, 1793, verdict rendered by President Herman. Marie-Antoinette, sentenced to death, is guillotined at around 11 a.m.

May 31, 1795, the Revolutionary Tribunal is removed. (Two months later, the Tribunal of cassation regained possession of the premises).

1847, Louis Duc and Etienne-Théodore Dommey are commissioned with the restructuring, renovation and extension of the palace.

May 24, 1871, fire destroys much of the palace.

1880, Sarah Bernhardt is found guilty of breaking her contract with the Comédie-Française.

1887, trial of Pranzini, dubbed "chéri magnifique" (magnificent charmer).

1893, Panama Canal scandal: trial of the administrators of the Société du canal before the court of Paris, for breach of trust and fraud.

July 12, 1906, Dreyfus is declared innocent.

July 24 and 25, 1917, Mata-Hari is tried for espionage, judged behind closed doors, and sentenced to death.

1919, trial of Raoul Villain, murderer of Jean Jaurès.

1934, Violette Nozières, found guilty of patricide and sentenced to death, has her sentence commuted to a life sentence of forced labor.

From July 23 to August 15, 1945, judgment of Marshal Pétain by the High Court of Justice, in the first chamber of the court of appeal.

1975, the court of appeal of Paris is relieved of part of its activities with the creation of the court of appeal of Versailles.

March 25, 1990, the first open house organized by the Appeal Court of Paris welcomes more than 100,000 visitors.
  
   
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